Dental One Associates of Cross Keys
2 Village Square, Suite 250, Baltimore, MD 21210

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
The staff provided excellent customer service. It was great meeting a dentist with integrity.
Lenora D.
Everyone is pleasant, they make sure you are taken care of, and the waiting time is short.
Florence S.
Very professional and my service was quick and efficient. Thank you
Kendra B.
Great service and great care by doctor Winter.
Michael T.
Service was timely, dentist explained each step of the process. Practically pain free filling.
Valerie C.
Very minimal discomfort. Very considerate of my well being. Very pleasant!
Michele D.
Dr. Bae is always the best. The office staff always recognize me by name. I always feel welcome. Great experience.
Marissa S.
Barbara is always excellent.
Ruth A.
Awesome customer service!
Lisa K.
I had a very pleasing visit. The staff is super friendly and efficient. I will definitely be coming back!
Bria M.
Excellent caring doctor and supporting staff.
Linda B.
I have only had good experiences with Dental One since starting there as a patient in June 2014. Hygienist Ms. Barbara was great during my most […]
Robin A.
Everybody at the office was nice.
Andrew R.
Things started out rocky, (mix up with my appt) but we worked through that and I have been very pleased with the services. Thanks for resolving the […]
Sharonda E.
This was my first time visiting this office, and I was referred by my step-daughter's mother. Despite a fairly short wait, I had a very good […]
Corice S.
Dr. Phillips and my favorites and I am most satisfied.
Jacob M.
The staff at Dental One Associates took good care of me. They tried their utmost to make me feel confortable while they were working on my needs. I […]
Kathleen D.
I love Barbra she always does an excellent job with a great personality.
Nicole E.
The work got done efficiently. It's a good thing I'm rich. Lol!
Gerardine D.
I love Dental One. I often have to get a lot of dental work done and I've been to several different dentists in the past few years. I plan to stick […]
Jayda C.
Zack's recovery is going very well!
Zachary B.
They were immensely helpful and friendly.
Mary J.
Love Dr Athala & Ctystal-dental hygienist extraordinaire! They make an otherwise anxiety filled visit to the dentist mire relaxing.
Jacqueline R.
Pleasant experience. The staff was very professional.
Jessica B.
All staff was very kind and professional.
Paul M.
Dr bae and Christie was excellent they explained everything to me the entire time.
Kiwana H.
Saw Dr. Scurupa - excellent exp.
Kathleen K.
Everything went good. Whenever I leave without a "we need to do something" appointment, works for me.
Larry S.
Extraction went well and healing went well. 100% satisfied with procedure and the doctor and assistant.
George S.
One of the gentlest and most efficient dental experiences I've had.
Renee M.
I was so relaxed, I went to sleep a few times. I love Dr. Winter! He's the best!! And this is, by far, the best dentist office I've ever been to. […]
Maria F.
AMAZING experience Dr. Longely was like a super hero and helped my son get his chipped tooth looking exactly like the old one with immediate […]
Gerson K.
I was a first time patient. I was taken back on time, and the staff we're polite and professional. I had no pain during the procedure and it was as […]
Jeff W.
Nice people Good attention The doctor very capable
Juan J.
It was a nice experience. Everyone was very nice and polite. I really appreciate Dr. Longley, he explain things to you and make you feel comfortable.
Sharonda E.
Excellent place
Minnie M.
Fast and a job well done.
Philip J.
I am very pleased with the service and care I received.
Doug H.
Dr. Phillips and Barbara have been terrific,
Jacob M.
I appreciate everyone's affability.
Jason R.
I had a wonderful experience as always.
Edrena G.
very professional direct with detail instructions I look forward to having my dental care at Cross Keys-Dental One Associates.
Ron G.
Outstanding service and customer care.
Neville G.
Professional. Fast. Friendly. I am not a fan of the dentist but Dr. Winters and his associates made it a pleasant experience.
Kiara C.
as always wonderful. Thank you
Kristie G.
Dr Athala is awesome & the Dental hygienist are warm and friendly. The check/ billing coordinator was also friendly and helpful
Jacqueline R.
My new hygienist was amazing (Michelle) and the staff was courteous and effective in addressing my insurance issues.
Wanda D.
Kind courteous and informative.
Joan W.
Great visit, even for a scraping. Ms. Barbara is wonderful, and I've found all the staff I've interacted with (over my 4 appts so far) to be very […]
Robin A.
Dental One personal have always made an effort to accommodate me.
John S.
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Tue. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 3:00 PM
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Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 3:00 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
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